Saturday, March 29, 2014

Geographical curiosities

interesting geographical curiosities
There are places, situations , among other things related to our planet that are unexplainable , making the Earth a unique place

Earth is the third planet in the solar system and the place where , until now , it is possible that life exists all types , thanks to its characteristics .
Meanwhile, geography is the science that studies everything related to the earth's surface, and the various territories, landscapes, places and regions, and their interaction and close relationship with the various social spheres.
This science has discovered so far things are inexplicable and therefore are true works of creation of nature.
A number of features that has our planet, somewhat curious yet extraordinary, making it a unique and amazing place.

1. The site with the shortest name on the face of the Earth:
This is Å ( in Spanish is pronounced as O) , which is a village that is part of the municipality of Moskenes , located in the Norwegian Lofoten Islands .
Formerly, the main activity was fishing Å , salting and drying cod , very typical activity in the region , today , tourism is the main economic activity of the region. Å is a Norwegian word meaning "river."

2. What is the world's largest city?
For the size of the area, Hulun Buir is the largest city in the world, as it stretches along 263 000 953 square kilometers.
Hulun Buir is part of the province of Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China; forests, state parks, some historical monuments and museums are the main attraction of this place.

3. Countries surrounded by other countries:
Specifically addresses Lesotho, Vatican and San Marino.
Lesotho is an African country that extends no more than 30 thousand square kilometers; its population exceeded two million inhabitants and is located in South Africa. It was created by the British crown in the mid nineteenth century and gained independence in 1966.
The Vatican also houses the Holy See, is elevated to the status of independent city state, with an extension of 44 hectares and a population of 900 inhabitants. Emerged in 1929, after the Lateran Treaty and its highest authority is the Pope.
Meanwhile, San Marino is the oldest constitutional republic in the world. It is nestled in the middle of the peninsula; its territory is made up of 61 square kilometers and is home to about 32 thousand inhabitants.

4 . The deepest hole that man has not been drilled:
This is the well deep superpKola, which is located west of Zapoliarni, a Russian city. Well as such existed , has an area of ​​just over 12 thousand 262 meters below the ground, however , in order to study in depth, in 1970 some drilling was conducted by scientists from the former Soviet Union Soviet .
Kola is a mystery for researchers, since as says, they found a large deposit of hydrogen, the temperature was increased to one thousand degrees Celsius and even, some say human hearing terrifying screams so they nicknamed this site as “the devil's Hole." On economic issues, the project has been canceled.

5 . Hotter and colder sea:
The Persian Gulf, in addition to having been the scene of many historical events, also keeps a physical property, which makes it a special place. It is located between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula, is shallow (no more than 30 meters) and is widely coarse as to marine life is concerned. In summer, its waters reach up to 35 degrees Celsius, the highest of all the seas.
Just the opposite happens with the White Sea. This body of water is part of the Barents Sea and is located northwest of Russia, given its location; most of the year is cold. In winter, the temperature varies between zero and -2 degrees Celsius, while in summer the maximum that records are 15 degrees.

6. The longest mountain range on Earth:
A mountain range, also called mountain range, is a set of mountains followed each other, which can range in any direction. Most people believe that the longest mountain range is the entire planet, as said, the Himalayas or the Andes, which is a mistake.
The largest mountain range extension is called Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which runs north to south, from Iceland to the Arctic Circle. Its area is 16 thousand kilometers long and 800 kilometers wide. The highest mountain in this chain is Mount Peak, which rises to about two thousand 300 meters above the sea level.

7. A sea without shores:
The Sargasso Sea region shaped oval located in the Atlantic Ocean between the West Indies and the Azores, says On this site there is no wind and ocean currents; dominated plankton and algae, which form shallow marine forests and most strange is that this does not have sea coasts, as in all corners bordering water bodies.

8. The farthest point of the earth:
Mount Chimborazo is the highest volcano in Ecuador. Given the curvature of the earth, it is in this South American country where the terrestrial sphere undergoes a kind of bulge, so that the peak of this geographical relief is the farthest point from the center of the planet, about six thousand 384 kilometers neural point.

9. The deeper crustal site:
As explained, an oceanic trench is a place under the sea that has considerable depression, where the water depth is much greater.

The call Mariana Trench, which is located in the Pacific Ocean, is the deepest of which it is aware . This place has no light and it is believed that its depth is equivalent to almost 11,000 meters.

10. The flow of the Nile:
Historically, it is considered the most important river in the whole world, because it was the cradle of Egyptian civilization also is one of the longest in the earth's surface.
The Nile starts at Lake Victoria and flows into the Mediterranean Sea, a characteristic that makes it different from other rivers, because their water flows from south to north.

11. Large freshwater tank:
The largest lake in Nicaragua has an area of ​​8,240 square kilometers , and is known under different names : Indian tribes Cocibolca called him , but he is known as Lake Nicaragua and is connected to the Atlantic Ocean through the San Juan del Río South .
It is one of the largest reservoirs of fresh water in the world , there are about 500 in it islands, some inhabited and numerous species of fish.
The curious note is that dwell therein adapted to freshwater sharks.
It is one of the few freshwater lakes in the world where two species of sharks swim: the Bull and Sarda, whose natural habitat is salt water, but can stay up to one year in freshwater. Have also been found in the waters of the Mississippi and the Amazon in America and the Zambezi in Africa.
With affection,

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