Saturday, December 8, 2012

Narration: Egypt against the Hebrews 4

Narration: The conflict in Egypt against the Hebrews 4

Series: My trips back

By Ruben Vernal

Finally could see in the distance the city of Pi Ramses the beautiful sailing and the Nile Delta, whose costs rose in this city. During the nineteenth dynasty of Egypt, Aviaries regained its past glory when Pharaoh Ramses II founded his new capital in the old place. The city is called Pi-Amasses Aa-najtu which means "House Domain of Ramses, Great in victories."
I repeat that it seems that the government decision to transfer his residence from Thebes and the north end may have been motivated by geopolitical reasons. We came to this important port and descended along with my companions, who would provide support me even in this place where I would end my trip to finally return home.
When we went to the city center I was told that my new place would be hosting one of the houses of a Hebrew slave in the duty to prepare the bricks for construction works ordered by Ramses I also have to work in this slave condition. His name is Omar. The immediate task for us, as one of the large groups of workers, is to advance the construction of the cemetery to be preserved after death.
A cemetery is a place or burial place intended. Etymologically means city of the dead  corpses, as it comes from the Greek language: necroses, dead or corpse, and polis, city. The term commonly used to designate cemeteries belonging to large cities and to areas that have been found buried near cities of ancient civilizations.
The necropolis is built for various reasons, sometimes eminently religious, as the Necropolis of Giza, in Egypt. The so-called Valley of the Kings against Memphis and Thebes also, in order to prevent theft of newspapers rich grave goods Egyptian pharaohs and nobles, luxurious setting burials as underground galleries, but hiding and sealing their hits. Many cultures necropolis founded in response to the prohibition of practicing burials within the city limits. The roads radiating from the city were decorated with funerary monuments.
 The tasks are specific for a while, and then we would be leading to other construction works according to the requirements of those responsible for the supervision of the buildings by the time I separated from my traveling companions and I went with Omar who had come get me. My initial assessment is that the city is very large, majestic buildings and temples, beautiful boulevards and monuments of ancient pharaohs. The Nile in this area was very spacious, with palm trees and vegetation that gave exquisite dates, beautified the landscape. His trade was appraised to be very prosperous.
However the city in my opinion, it looked like it was about half done, with an incredible euphoria construction, as if the end was near Egypt?
That's why there were thousands of workers, who were mostly Hebrew slaves and prisoners of war. I heard something in the eyes of free people are more puzzling than this bureaucratization of slavery there is the presence of "house slaves" destined, it seems, to the "industrial production" of offspring. I remembered that before governments tried unsuccessfully to drown in the waters of the Nile to the male children of the Hebrews using the Egyptian midwives, because they feared the increase in number of the Hebrews. Indeed ethnic cleansing measures adopted by Pharaoh Seti were forceful and cruelty usual at the time: the Nile shed ordered all newborn males of the Israelites, leaving alive only the girls. Military was, like his father, born in the Nile Delta region, in the area of
​​Avaris. Its name comes from Seth, the god of war, weapons and military, who served as a priest Seti I before being welded. It was the predecessor of Ramses I. It had been a week after Omar, me and a large group of Hebrew slaves were working in the necropolis and then go to work in lifting one of several temples ordered by the administration of Ramses. The work was very arduous caught my attention the way built the pyramids. They showed great technical knowledge of the Egyptians and the organizational capacity necessary to build such monuments with very simple means, but there is no indication it took superior technology currently available to the Egyptians represented by "geniuses" wooden sleds and Hypothetically, using the wheel-shaped wooden roller ramps.
Furthermore, using different materials (stone squared, uncut stone, adobe) and varied techniques in building their nuclei (stacking blocks, forming resistant walls filled spaces helmets etc.).
Previously they proceeded to flatten the rocky terrain, and digging canals to flood water so you can mark level lines with which he prepared a horizontal surface. After the grooves were filled. Here are digging the underground chamber and began building. Most of the stone blocks were cut in quarries near the construction site. Others were transported from quarries in the south with the help of giant barges. The blocks are then placed on sleds and dragged to its final position.
For building without ramps, the Egyptian temples began building a series of "steps" and using "geniuses" wooden blocks rose from the ground to the first "tier", then the second, and so on. It is the most logical way to build and secure with "geniuses" of wood.
To build with increased ramp, construction took place forming a large sand ramp, rectilinear, which increased in height and width as the pyramid grew. It features, among others, the difficulty of extending the ramp and the large volume of this, even higher than the pyramid and work effort in dismantling and inserting.
And for multiple ramps, stones are erected on each course to reach the next level. Carried out so had to save, among others, the great difficulty of placing the last block of each level.
I cannot deny that Egyptians fed us well with meat, fish, vegetables and fruits, having good management for this purpose.
Omar arrived with the news that I had been waiting for the past 10 months:
Approached where I was mixing the soil with straw making mud bricks, and told me! Abdon: Moses and his brother Aaron have arrived in the city two days ago!
I replied trying not to show much emotion to know what he was not still; asks who they are and have been. Omar told me that we could not stop working and they'd tell me as soon as we returned home.
Later, at dinner, Omar began: We know from the testimony of our scribes that shortly before  Mosses birth, Pharaoh enacted a law requiring that all newborns be thrown into the Nile Israelites Yocheved, paternal aunt and wife Armani Hebrew Levite, gave birth to a little, boy  and hid him in the first three months. When he could not hide it anymore, put it in a basket (smeared with mud inside and outside pitch to make it waterproof) and brought it to the Nile, under the care of Miriam, which followed from around this basket. At that time, Pharaoh's daughter was bathing in the river, when he found Moses in the basket. Miriam came and got the princess take care of Moses to his own mother.
When Princess Batia chose a Hebrew woman to take care of Moses, the chosen one was nothing more and nothing less than her birth mother. For two years he nursed and then was given to the princess. Oral tradition has it that three years, Moses was sitting with the family of Pharaoh and ministers. Moses came down from Batia lap, walked to the pharaoh, raised his crown and placed it on his own head. The Minister of Pharaoh Balaam exclaimed that it was a prophetic action and Moses would snatch the throne. Therefore, another minister recommended a test propose the small suggested placing a diamond and a lump of coal burning to assess the child's cleverness. Moses not only grabbed the burning coal, also brought it to his mouth. He burned his lips and tongue, making it difficult speech.
But Moses Prince in his capacity, had access to a complete education to be taught in science and art, because it was expected to be a future king.
When Moses came of age, he began to visit regularly to slaves. One day, seeing an Egyptian taskmaster brutally beating a Hebrew supervisor named Dathan; Moses killed the Egyptian taskmaster and hid his body in the sand, hoping that no one was willing to reveal something about the matter. The next day saw the young man who had saved, fighting with his brother and tried to separate them. The two brothers, angered by the intrusion of Moses denounce him to Pharaoh and Moses had to flee Egypt.
As Aaron was also born in Egypt and was the grandson of Kohath and grandson of Levi, the first of three children of Amram and Jochabed, Mary Moses was the youngest and the youngest of the boys. Aaron was always known his great way with words, so it was expected to perform priestly activity. No more was seen living in Egypt, so it is thought that went into the desert, Moses probably looking for. It really is a surprise to me that the two are back together in this land. But if I tell you that very soon we will see and know for themselves the reason for their return.
Aaron looked at me puzzled and partly surprised after finishing the letter that Eleazar   had written in Alexandria, and it was written in Hebrew I knew nothing of its contents. It turns out that in this letter Eleazar told any of his Hebrew brethren scattered in different provinces of Egypt, that they could trust me so if I require any help from them, that met my will, as if they did service for him.
What do you want from me? Aaron asked, to which I replied: Let me to accompany you and Moses, when you have their meeting with Manasseh. I keep myself distanced from both of you so that disturbs not for nothing, but allows it to enter the palace of the king as if I was your servant. Who told you that we have to see Ramses? Replied; Nobody told me Aaron. What happens is that 10 months ago I'm here visiting, and I noticed that the Hebrew people in the whole kingdom is continually crying out to God for deliverance from slavery to which they are subjected and about 400 years. Many times in my journey through this land, Moses has been named me repeatedly. It is the story of you and I'm surprised that Moses after living here for 40 years as a prince back to this land after nearly another 40 years but now accompanied by you.
I would not want to leave this country now that  why you two are back, because I infer or suspect that something great and good is about to happen to your brothers, although they do not know about. I was obviously forced to invent this story. Aaron agreed to my request, and since then I became his servant. That night  I leave  the Omar the house.
Visiting Ramses serious for the next day. I knew that Pharaoh Ramses already had knowledge of the presence of these two illustrious visitors in your city. What if he thought without comment was about the reaction of the three to meet again in a situation very different from the past. I knew from the Bible that both oppose from the beginning, Moses demanded the freedom of his people and Ramses insist on keeping captive.
There is something so distinctive for these two people, as is the sibling relationship they have maintained over eighteen years, being the younger brother Moses behaving just like a prince happy. Instead Ramses always desire the throne at the expense of familiarity or friendship, however, about the nature of Ramses II in reality little is known and  read only from certain letters he wrote to his colleague, the Hittite king, is that he disliked greatly to give him orders. Why talk to me like I'm your slave? "Wrote to the Hittite king on occasion, when he demanded that he returned a fugitive who had taken refuge in Egypt.
Both should now behave as enemies. Ramses tainted by idolatry and arrogance, and Moses as a messenger of God to free his people.
While still talking to Aaron Moses entered the room.
My first impression of him is that he looked tall, strong, dark hair not so much of the skin as well was perhaps the work he  do as a pastor while living in the wilderness of Midian for 40 years. I caught him 80 years old I knew I had to historical deductions I had heard of him at all, looked like an old man, but rather as a person and mature but very strong, both physically and mentally.
His hair is long and silver. His eyes reflected kindness but also with traces of melancholy fortitude. He felt uneasy, a little nervous because moving hands frequently, rubbing his palms and fingers intertwined as a sign of anxiety by doing something I wanted in my opinion, to do it as soon as possible. His speech was not fluent, as that is docked in wanting to speak too fast, so he preferred to speak slowly. What struck me most was to know his tremendous personality that combines his kind or gentle way of saying things but firmly together. I do not speak to me at any time, and my existence was limited only to when Moses asked his brother who I was, to what Aaron said something to him without any expression and nodded, gave me back and left the room.
 Before going to bed to sleep Aaron Abdon said, tomorrow we will go to see the Ramses to officially introduce ourselves, because  he  are aware that we are here and we will get in his palace at midday. Moses and Aaron went to the palace and I could go mingling with the other servants quite removed from the scene in complete silence, at the appointed time and as I assumed the behavior of Ramses was very contemptuous of Moses, considering that according to law Egyptian customs was his younger brother. More I think for this condition at least Ramses gave the opportunity to have an audience with him and to hear their demands. I  hear from  Moses  say that was a disgrace the Egyptian idolatry as lifestyle. Since ancient times as occurs today in Egypt, man has recognized those objects or forces beyond their understanding the existence of a higher will, we can understand how divinity. Likewise man, therefore this interpretation, has sought ways to relate to their deities, which has a practical representation in this human society, in creating visible and tangible representations of them.
While it is consistent to say that this ancient civilization identifies the god on their behalf, which is known to collect evidence of the deal, rituals, care and considerations of the representations made, which was consistent with the way of life that is wore.
Although each town maintains its gods and local rites, from Heliopolis, Memphis, Hermopolis and Abydos, unifying doctrines spread throughout Egypt and beside the local god to worship also began to Pharaoh. Then the priests strove encourage a set of beliefs with the various existing elements, associating deities together and establishing a hierarchy of power and dignity. Ra was the god of Heliopolis; Phtad, of Memphis; Thot of Hermopolis; Amon of Thebes, etc. Egyptian religion therefore not presented as a body of doctrine, firm and unchanging, but as a mixture of belief and worship.
Well back to what was happening in the main hall of the palace; note that Ramses was sitting on a throne made of gold inlaid with precious stones. Behind the walls were adorned with sheer curtains, and the floor was covered with flowery carpets brought from Persia. As decoration collection had weapons that Pharaoh used as a good soldier he was. There were mirrors and wall hangings and fine furniture brought from Greece and a collection of Egyptian art with huge vases of clay with hieroglyphic descriptions. They could not miss the busts of the king and a huge variety of images and reproductions of the idols were mostly depictions of animals.
5 Then Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and told him: Jehovah   , LORD God of Israel, said 'Let my people go to celebrate a feast in the wilderness. 2 And Pharaoh said  who is the Lord that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the Lord; neither will I let Israel go. 3 And they said, The God of the Hebrews hath met with us go, then, now, three days' journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to the Lord our God, lest he fall upon us with pestilence or with the sword. 4 And the king of Egypt said to them, Moses and Aaron, why do let the people from their work? Go back to your tasks. 5 And Pharaoh said, Behold, the people of the land are now many, and ye make them rest of their tasks.
6 And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of the people who were responsible, and their foremen, saying, 7 From here shall no longer give the people straw to make brick, as heretofore; them go and gather their own straw. 8 And they impose the same task of bricks which they made before, and not diminish anything because they are lazy, therefore they cry, saying: Let us go and sacrifice to our God. 9 to worsening   servitude upon them, to deal in it, and not regard lying words. 10 And the taskmasters of the people and their foremen, spoke to the people, saying, Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not give you straw. 11 Go ye and gather straw where ye may find, but nothing of your work will decrease. 12 So the people were scattered throughout the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw. 13 And the taskmasters hasted them, saying, Fulfil your works, the task of each day at the time, as when there was straw. 14 And whipped the officers of the children of Israel that the officers of Pharaoh had set over them, saying, Why have ye not fulfilled your task in making brick both yesterday and today, as before? 15 And the officers of the children of Israel came to Pharaoh and complained to him, saying: Why do you do that with your servants? 16 There is no straw given unto thy servants, and they say to us, Make brick. And behold thy servants are beaten, and your people is to blame. 17 And he said: You're lazy, yeah, idle, and so you say: Let us go and sacrifice to the Lord. 18 Go therefore now, and work. No straw will be given you, and you have to deliver the same task brick. 19 Then the officers of the children of Israel were in distress, to to say: not diminish anything from your bricks of daily task. 20 And they met Moses and Aaron, who were in sight of them as they left the presence of Pharaoh, 21 told: Lord look upon you and judge, because we have done abominable before Pharaoh and his servants, putting the sword in hand to kill us. 2 2And Moses returned to the LORD, and said, Lord, why grieve this people? What sent me? 23 For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in thy name, he hath done evil to this people: and thou hast not delivered thy people. 7 The LORD said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet. 2 Thou shalt speak all that I command thee: and Aaron thy brother shall speak unto Pharaoh that he let go of his land to the children of Israel.
3 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply in the land of Egypt my signs and wonders. 4 But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I may lay my hand upon Egypt, and bring forth my hosts, my people the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by great judgments. 5 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I stretch out my hand upon Egypt, and bring out the children of Israel from among them. 6 And Moses and Aaron did as the LORD command them, so did they.
7 Moses was eighty years old and Aaron eighty-three when they spoke to Pharaoh Just the Hebrew people realize that God had answered your requests bringing Moses and Aaron to confront Ramses, but things do not have begun well for them. The next day the LORD spake unto Moses 8 and Aaron, saying:
9 When Pharaoh shall say to you, saying, Shew a miracle; say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and cast it before Pharaoh, that it become a serpent. 10 So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and did as the Lord commanded. And Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh and his servants, and it became a serpent. 11 Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and sorcerers, and did so now the magicians of Egypt with their enchantments: 12 each one threw down his rod, and they became serpents: but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods.
13 And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he hearkened not, as the LORD had said.
I was amazed at what I was seeing. I know that God is able to do wonders, though we cannot understand. If you do not believe in Him, this disclaimer does not invalidate the fact staff narrated by a witness, which is the story in its essence. But what I was surprised and uncomfortable spiritually, was seeing is that the sorcerers of Pharaoh at first as they "competed" with the Lord, as I'll show in the development of pests with which God punishes Egypt, both to free the Hebrews and to ridicule their idols. Sorcerers could do some wonders, because the evil to some extent helps to promote the deception, which is immersed in this society very pagan and idolatrous. Consider before personal remarks before seeing as it was the first plague of water turned into blood:
Each of the plagues of Egypt was an attack on the many gods Egyptians. For example, the plague in the waters was a slap god Khnum, the giver of the Nile and Hapy, the spirit of the Nile to Sodpet, the god of the waters of the Nile floods, which Osiris was the Nile bloodstream, to Edjo, the goddess of the Delta, to Hatmehyt, guardian goddess of fish and fishermen, and several other deities must have been taking care of the Egyptians.
Waters may actually not become blood itself.
Still waters may just appear so. The Hebrew word translated as "blood" refers to a red color, like, I had my Bible and read what it says in Joel 2:31: The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the coming of the day Jehovah's great and terrible. God may have caused torrential rains flooded and polluted the sources of the Nile to create this plague. The red dirt and algae would make the Nile red appeared, becoming unsuitable for drinking and deficient in oxygen content for the survival of fish In fact, volcanic activity or meteor could cause a similar contamination of red dye, as seems to be the case at a future event prophesied in Revelation 8:8.: The second angel sounded, and as a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood.
  And the Bible indicates in his words there was a geological survey at the time of the exodus from Egypt as we read in Psalm 114:1-6.
The wonders of the Exodus
When Israel came out of Egypt,
    The house of Jacob from a people of strange language,
2 Judah became his sanctuary,
And Israel his dominion.
3 The sea looked and fled;
The Jordan turned back.
4 The mountains skipped like rams,
The hills like lambs.
5 What ails you, O sea that you flee?
And you, O Jordan, that you turned back?
6 Ye mountains, why skipped like rams,
And, ye hills, like lambs?
Actually, no matter what the real change has been suffered by the waters of the Nile in Egypt, it does not matter how God caused it, what it is important to understand here is that God was the one who caused it. And this clearly was by a divine miracle.
Continue with the story of the plagues of Egypt.
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