Friday, October 19, 2012

History: Inventors of paper and printing



Inventors of paper and printing

Who was the inventor of the paper?
The inventor of the paper was the Chinese Ts'ai Lun (Cai Lun in pinyin), the imperial counselor during the Han Dynasty in the year 105 AC
The closest thing to paper at that time was the parchment or papyrus, not happy with the items that were used, Cai Lun was improving technique, to achieve a material very similar to the current role, much more comfortable and convenient than previous versions .
From that time the paper was distributed worldwide, and in China, its inventor became a historical figure, remembered and honored to this day.
Today the paper has a myriad of uses and is important for society.
No doubt that this is one of the most important inventions in history, thanks to its inventor, Ts'ai Lun.
Who invented the printing press?
To get an idea of
​​what the press, this is a machine, which serves to reproduce texts or images, on sheets of paper. How that is accomplished, as well, through the application of oily ink, on various mechanical parts, which are called types, which printed on paper, the ink already mentioned.
To answer who invented the printing press, it can be said that there were several people, as has happened in all civilizations, who helped shape it, and Johannes Gutenberg was the one who took everything seriously and I think that what we know as the printing modern.
This is due to the Chinese, several tens of years before Europeans had already managed to create a rudimentary kind of impression that assimilates the manner of operation of the press. They carved in driftwood, various characters, which stuck to the rest of the wood itself. These characters were covered with ink and then pressed against the paper, at the beginning were carved phrases or full texts and later way, the characters began to be carved independently with one another, which added flexibility to the final work.
 This technique is called woodcut, and one of the first prints made with this technique corresponds to a Buddhist text.
Now, we can ask, who invented the printing press in the West?
 Well, the inventor of modern printing or movable type was Johannes Gutenberg. Its creation took during the mid-fifteenth century.
Although, we note that although the Chinese had already created the basic concept of movable type, Gutenberg was the one who perfected and achieved large-scale industrial production of texts.
Gutenberg was born in Germany, more specifically, in the city of Mainz. His first profession was jeweler. He knew creating molds and casting of gold and silver.

Although Lauren Coster, a Dutch, years before had done similar work with wooden movable type, this had no consistent results to mass printing.
 The creation of the first printing press operated the years 1436 and 1450.
 Creation was in foundry molds metal letters, with which the ink applied. The resulting letters were arranged in a mold known as galley composition for printing on paper then the end result.
 This technique, known as characters, gave consistency and quality of the final print. This technique achieves Gutenberg printed his masterpiece, the "Gutenberg Bible" (printed in 1455).
Laurens Coster, a Dutchman, had done similar work years before using wooden movable type, but their results were not consistent enough to mass printing and for this reason is attributed to Gutenberg's invention.
Thus, as Gutenberg is regarded as the inventor of the modern printing press. But more than an invention, creation, is the fusion of various inventions and previously created. And there, the genius of this German goldsmith, it amalgamated the various experiences, which managed to develop a machine that could simply, quickly and efficiently, print texts. Therefore, it is considered to Gutenberg, as the father of modern books.

The creation of Gutenberg was a catapult revolutionary in the field of culture, art and politics. She even managed to affect the foundations of religions.
 And the press, transferred knowledge, which at that time had only the wealthy, aristocratic and religious people more modest. With this invention, knowledge became universal. By hand, of all who would submerge in the vast sea, which means educating through books.

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